Conversation 2016




my-opinion CARDS







genetically modified food:


a Part of Human Nature

Believe it or not: The average ten minute conversation between two acquaintances will result in several lies per person.It’s science not cynicism that provides such a statement. And the fact that everyone lies every day points to the conclusion that untruths are an indivisible part of human nature.
From a very young age, we’re told not to lie, but we’re also simultaneously lied to about Santa Clause, or about the pet dog’s death. We’re similarly told to lie in order to avoid hurting another’s feelings. All these conflicting messages make it easier to be deceptive later in life.
We lie to ourselves all the time to make problems, fears, and failures seem less daunting. A New Year’s resolution, which we’ll likely drop by March, can be considered a lie, too. After all, we have little intention of sticking to the promise. Or you’ll likely give a positive answer the next time a friend or coworker asks, “How are you?” To do otherwise would be to flaunt social conventions, because your friend or coworker doesn’t necessarily want to hear that you’re tired, overworked, underpaid, or have problems at home — at least not at what should just be a passing pleasantry.
Psychologist Paul Ekman offers a number of basic reasons for lying. We lie to escape punishment, to elude uncomfortable social situations, to give ourselves an ego boost, to receive a reward, to protect someone, or to control the flow of information. A large exaggeration, a fib, and everything in between, falls into one of these categories.
Despite the fact that lying is ingrained in our psyche, we can only catch a lie about fifty percent of the time. It’s almost as if we don’t want to know that another person isn’t being honest. Lies, some experts argue, are the glue which holds society together.

Questions: Answer the questions to check comprehension.
a. According to the article, how often do people lie?
b. Why do we lie to ourselves?
c. What are some of the reasons people lie?
d. Do all lies fall into these categories?
e. How do lies affect society?
f. Do you think that lies hold society together? Explain it.





Do you remember a memorable ad on tv?

What was it advertising?

What makes you buy a product?

If you could rate from 1 to 5 the power of an ad over your decision of buying, being 1 NO INFLUENCE AT ALL  and 5  I BUY BECAUSE THE AD CONVINCES ME TO what number would you choose.Justify.

Tell us about and ad you really like and one you don’like.




block vote A way of voting in which your vote represents other members of your organization, especially at trade union meetings. by-election A special election, held between regular elections, when an area votes. A by-election can be ‘called’ if an existing M.P. dies or retires. campaign (n) In an election a campaign is a political campaign is an organized effort which seeks to win the vote of the electorate. Often called a ‘political campaign’ or an ‘election campaign’. campaign (v) The things a candidate does to be elected. (KIssing babies, shaking hands, giving speeches to the WI etc.) candidate (n) The person who is running in an election. coalition (n) If there’s no outright winner in an election a government can be formed in which several parties cooperate. constituent (n) A citizen who is represented in a government by officials for whom he or she votes. constituency (n) Each of the electoral areas or divisions in the UK which elect one or more members to parliament. debate (n) A formal discussion of the merits of something. debate (v) To argue for and against something. deposit (n) The sum of money that a candidate must pay in return for the right to stand in British parliamentary elections. dissolution (n) The termination of the current parliament, which has to take place before a general election. dissolved (v) Once the dissolution of parliament has been announced, we say it has been dissolved. elect (v) The act of voting to select the winner of a political office. election (n) The formal decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold public office. electorate (n) The people who are eligible to vote in an election. general election An election held for a nation’s primary legislative body. gerrymander To redraw electoral district boundaries for political advantage. government The political body with the power to make and/or enforce laws for a country, House of Commons The lower house of the British parliament. House of Lords The upper house of the British parliament. independent A candidate who is not controlled by a political party. leader The person who runs a political party. (Margaret Thatcher was the leader of the Conservatives). local election County, unitary authority, borough, district, city, town or parish elections. MP Abbreviation of Member of Parliament. Member of Parliament The person who represents their constituency in the House of Commons. opposition The major political party opposed to the party in office and prepared to replace it if elected. party An organization formed to gain political power. policy A deliberate act of government that in some way alters or influences the society or economy outside the government. political Related to politics. politician A person active in politics. politics The process by which governments make decisions. PM Abbreviation of Prime Minister. prime minister The person who holds the position of head of the government. proxy vote The delegation of someone to vote on someone else’s behalf. rhetoric The art of using language as a means to persuade someone to your way of thinking. run To campaign to stand for a political position. spin To present the facts in such a way as to sway public opinion. spin doctor veto A vote that blocks a decision.

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How involved should governments be in individuals’ lives?

Are criminals ever NOT responsible for the crimes they commit?

What responsibilities do university students have? How about children or adults?

Who is responsible for retired people’s welfare? Themselves? Their family? Their government?

At what age do you think someone becomes responsible for his or her actions?

What should companies do to protect the environment?

How much responsibility should individuals have for protecting the environment?

Who has more responsibility for the environment, companies or individuals?

What are some of your responsibilities?

Who is responsible for taking care of the poor?

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